Ruminations on tech, the digital media, and some golf thrown in for good measure.

Archive for June 30th, 2010

Commuters: IBM Feels Your Pain

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You really can’t make this stuff up.

Here I am, the next to my last day in Bangalore, which has some of the worst traffic in the world (at least, in terms of what *I* have seen…a guy from Oracle here assured me it was much worse in Bangkok and Sri Lanka), and suddenly the IBM Commuter Pain Study results get released.

The headline: The daily commute in some of the world’s most economically important international cities is longer and more grueling than before imagined, reflecting the failure of transportation infrastructure to keep pace with economic activity.

This is the first time we’ve done such a study on a global basis (earlier versions looked only at U.S. traffic).

IBM surveyed 8,192 motorists in 20 cities on six continents, the majority of whom say that traffic has gotten worse in the past three years.

The congestion in many of today’s developing cities is a relatively recent phenomenon, having paralleled the rapid economic growth of those cities during the past decade or two.

By contrast, the traffic in places like New York, Los Angeles or London developed gradually over many decades, giving officials more time and resources to address the problem. 

For example, the middle class in China is growing rapidly, with the number of new cars registered in Beijing in the first four months of 2010 rising 23.8% to 248,000, according to the Beijing municipal taxation office.

Beijing’s total investments in its subway system are projected to be more than 331.2 billion yuan by 2015 as the city expands the system to more than double its current size, according to Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd. 

The city plans to invest 80 billion yuan in 2010 in building its transportation infrastructure. 

The study did offer a number of bright spots.

Forty-eight percent of drivers surveyed in Beijing reported that traffic has improved in the past three years – the high for the survey – reflecting substantial initiatives to improve the transportation network in that city. 

In addition, the commute for drivers in Stockholm, Sweden seems to be, if not pleasant, then largely pain-free. Only 14% of Stockholm drivers surveyed said that roadway traffic negatively affected work or school performance.

Overall, though, the study paints a picture of metropolitan-area commuters in many cities struggling to get to and from work each day.

For example, 57% of all respondents say that roadway traffic has negatively affected their health, but that percentage is 96% in New Delhi and 95% in Beijing.

29% overall say that roadway traffic has negatively affected work or school performance, but that percentage rises to 84% in Beijing, 62% in New Delhi, and 56% in Mexico City.

Moscow was notable for the duration of its traffic jams. Drivers there reported an average delay of two-and-a-half hours when asked to report the length of the worst traffic jam they experienced in the past three years.

A Top 10 List You DON’T Want To Be On

IBM compiled the results of the survey into an Index that ranks the emotional and economic toll of commuting in each city on a scale of one to 100, with 100 being the most onerous.

The Index reveals a tremendous disparity in the pain of the daily commute from city to city. Stockholm had the least painful commute of the cities studied, followed by Melbourne and Houston (which tied) and New York City. Here’s how the cities stack up:

The index is comprised of 10 issues:

  1. Commuting time
  2. Time stuck in traffic, agreement that:
  3. Price of gas is already too high
  4. Traffic has gotten worse
  5. Start-stop time is a problem
  6. Driving causes stress
  7. Driving causes anger
  8. Traffic affects work
  9. Traffic so bad driving stopped
  10. Decided not to make trip due to traffic.

Drum roll, please (or, with due deference to Bangalorians, a nice long honk of the horn), here are the Top 20 winners (err, losers):


Calgon, Take Me Away: The IBM Commuter Pain Index lists the world’s most onerous cities for traffic.

  1. Beijing: 99
  2. Mexico City: 99
  3. Johannesburg: 97
  4. Moscow: 84
  5. New Delhi: 81
  6. Sao Palo: 75
  7. Milan: 52
  8. Buenos Aires: 50
  9. Madrid: 48
  10. London: 36
  11. Paris: 36
  12. Toronto: 32
  13. Amsterdam: 25
  14. Los Angeles: 25
  15. Berlin: 24
  16. Montreal: 23
  17. New York: 19
  18. Houston: 17
  19. Melbourne: 17
  20. Stockholm: 15

"Traditional solutions — building more roads — will not be enough to overcome the growth of traffic in these rapidly developing cities, so multiple solutions need to be deployed simultaneously to avoid a failure of the transportation networks," said Naveen Lamba, IBM’s global industry lead for intelligent transportation.

"New techniques are required that empower transportation officials to better understand and proactively manage the flow of traffic."

IBM Global Commuter Pain Survey: Major Findings

Analysis of the survey results indicated a number of key findings related to how traffic impacts commuters:

  • 49% of drivers in the 20 cities think that roadway traffic has gotten worse in the last three years, and 18% think it has gotten a lot worse.  Five percent say traffic has improved substantially, with only Beijing (16%) and New Delhi (17%) reaching double digit scores.  There are seven trouble spots based on the bottom two box scores (ranking traffic as "somewhat" or "a lot worse"):  Johannesburg (80%), Moscow (64%), Toronto (64%), Mexico City (62%), Sao Paulo (61%), Milan (59%) and Buenos Aires (57%).
  • 87% of the respondents have been stuck in roadway traffic in the last three years.  The average delay is one hour. The "best" cities are Melbourne, Stockholm and Buenos Aires, where 25% or more say they have never been stuck in traffic. On the other end of the spectrum, the average reported delay in Moscow is 2.5 hours, where more than 40% say they have been stuck in traffic for more than three hours.
  • 31% of respondents said that during the past three years traffic has been so bad that they turned around and went home. The percentage in Beijing, however, is 69%, the high for the survey; and only 15% in Berlin, representing the low.
  • If commuting time could be reduced, 16% of respondents worldwide would choose to work more. In New Delhi, 40% said they would work more, the high for the survey; while 5% in Madrid would work more, representing the low.

The Commuter Pain Survey was conducted by IBM to better understand consumer thinking toward traffic congestion as the issue reaches crisis proportions nationwide and higher levels of auto emissions stir environmental concerns.

These events are impacting communities around the world, where governments, citizens and private sector organizations are looking beyond traditional remedies like additional roads and greater access to public transportation to reverse the negative impacts of increased road congestion.

IBM is actively working in the area of Smarter Transportation using a worldwide team of scientists, industry experts and IT services professionals to research, test and deploy new traffic information management capabilities in cities around the world.

Findings from the Commuter Pain Survey will be used to assess citizen concerns about traffic and commuter issues; expand solutions like automated tolling, real-time traffic prediction, congestion charging, and intelligent route planning; and serve as a basis for pioneering innovative new approaches to traffic mitigation.

As for me, I’m about to head back into the Bangalore traffic fray once more, but this time with some comfort that traffic is a LOT worse in other parts of India and the rest of the world, and with some hope that IBM smarter transportation folks are going to be working on this horrible plight.

Written by turbotodd

June 30, 2010 at 12:12 pm

Mobile India

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My time in Bangalore is about to come to an abrupt halt, and I’m most sad about that.

Though I’m happy to be heading back home to Austin (for a few days, anyhow), I’m most sad to be leaving behind the new friends I’ve made here and the great experiences I’ve had.

But I definitely hope to come back soon.  There’s so much to see and do here, and I was here to (mostly) work.

However, my short weekend road trip out of Bangalore was certainly an eye-opening experience (see the previous post), but not as much for the reasons as you might think. 

In fact, I did a little “stand up” (although I did it sitting down in the cab ride between IBM’s offices and our hotel) explaining a few observations about the state of India’s mobile market:

There are already well over 500M mobile users in India, and I’ve had some tell me that there are more mobile phones in India than there are people.

That would certainly seem to be the case based on all the mobile advertising I’ve seen while in south India these past two weeks.

And I’m not talking about advertising on mobile devices. 

I’m talking about advertising every where else about mobile devices: Aircel, Airtel, Vodafone, and all the rest, they seem to advertise on every free surface and building one can imagine (some even without roofs!)

All those rupees aren’t being spent without good reason, and there are probably close to another 1B folks who still need to get a mobile phone here or who these mobile companies want to convince to switch brands.

Put another way, by 2014, there will be more people online in India via mobile devices than are currently online via the Web across the whole of Europe in 2010!

Of course, this fast start is even before India finished its first 3G spectrum auction earlier this year.

According to Daily Wireless, nine cellular firms participated in more than 180 rounds of bidding over 34 days, which was expected to earn the India government 509.6B rupees (around U.S. $11B). 

Specifically, they sold three bandwidth slots for 3G services in each of 17 telecom service areas, and four in each of the remaining five areas.

Most of the aforementioned 500M users today are on 2G services, so when 3G kicks in some of these markets starting as early as September 1st of this year, mobile marketing madness watch out!

Even at that, I’ve been most impressed with the mobile coverage I’ve had throughout my two weeks here.  Even in the most rural areas (including Bandipur National Park), I’ve been able to get a strong mobile signal.

If that’s any indicator of the progress to come in the Indian mobile market, you won’t be needing any of those Verizon “Can you hear me now” commercials running in Mumbai or New Delhi anytime soon!

Written by turbotodd

June 30, 2010 at 9:11 am

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